Latest Documents

Report: Land Grabbing and Poverty in Cambodia: The Myth of Development 2009

In recent years it has become a tragic cliche to say that Cambodia is suffering from an "epidemic" of land-grabbing by the rich and powerful - an epidemic which is resulting in the loss of residence and livelihoods by the poor and vulnerable on a massive scale.

In the 13 provinces in which LICADHO works - roughly half the country - more than a quarter of a million people have been affected by land-grabbing and forced evictions since 2003.

Released in June 2009

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Report: Prison Conditions In Cambodia 2008: Women In Prison

This report aims to profile female prisoners and their experiences in the prison system and to provide an insight into the crimes they committed and the conditions they live in. Each case study is based on true accounts from prisoners, where names and details have been changed to protect the identity of the prisoners. This report also provides supplementary statistical information for relevant issues collected over the period 2007 and 2008.

Released in March 2009

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Report: Attacks & Threats Against Human Rights Defenders in Cambodia 2007

Cambodia is a dangerous place for human rights defenders. During 2007, the Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO) recorded more cases than ever before of threats and attacks against activists attempting to peacefully defend the rights of others.

Throughout 2007, the patterns of threats and attacks against human rights defenders observed in previous years have continued and intensified. Representatives of communities engaged in disputes over land and housing were targeted with threats, unwarranted criminal charges, and in some cases imprisonment. Trade union leaders were assaulted, arrested and prosecuted for their legitimate union activity; one such leader was murdered. Human rights NGO workers continued to be threatened and obstructed in carrying out their work, whilst private citizens legitimately assisting asylum seekers were harassed and imprisoned.

Released in September 2008

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Report: Child Workers in Brick Factories: Causes and Consequences A Research Study

As part of the campaign against the worst forms of child labor for the wellbeing of Cambodian children, LICADHO and World Vision Cambodia have commissioned the research team, led by Dr. Poch Bunnak, to conduct a study on children working in brick factories. The study was conducted in July 2007 to identify the causes and consequences of child labor in brick factories in Battambang and Sang Ke districts, the surrounding areas of Battambang
provincial city.

Data were collected using interviewer-completed questionnaires from three main sources (132 child workers, 43 parents, and 15 brick factory owners or managers) from 26 brick factories. It is estimated that between 400 and 500 children work daily in these brick factories during the high labour-demand season.

Released in May 2008

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Report: Reading Between the Lines: How Politics, Money & Fear Control Cambodia's Media Report 2008

Cambodia's news media is often described as one of the freest in the region, with no official censorship and a "flourishing press".

But if we look beyond just the quantity of newspapers and magazines, and listen to journalists and editors describe their working environment, we find a media closely controlled by politics, money and fear.

Almost all Cambodia's media is aligned to a political party, with the vast majority favoring the ruling Cambodian People's Party (CPP). The situation varies depending on the media - television is totally owned or controlled by the government or CPP, radio has a few opposition-aligned stations and some important independent voices, while most newspapers act as mouthpieces for one party or another, with the exception of the foreign-language press.

Released in May 2008

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Report: Prison Conditions in Cambodia 2007: The Story of a Mother and Child

As of February 2008, there are 562 women living in 18 out of Cambodia's 26 prisons. Of these women, 4 were pregnant and 43 women brought their children to live with them in prison or had given birth to children while in prison, for a total of 50 children living with their mothers in prison.

Life in Cambodian prisons is a harsh reality for any individual. Limited access to food and clean water, overcrowding of prison cells, routine denial of quality medical services and violence towards prisoners from prison officials and other inmates is a part of everyday life. Life in prison becomes even more difficult when you are pregnant, or if you bring your children to live with you in prison.

Released in March 2008

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Report: Human Rights in Cambodia: The Charade of Justice Report 2007

The Cambodian justice system has failed. Despite the UNTAC intervention and 15 years of aid to legal and judicial reform, in 2007 the primary functions of the courts continue to be to:1/ Persecute political opponents and other critics of the government, 2/ Perpetuate impunity for state actors and their associates, 3/ Protect the economic interests of the rich and powerful

This report examines the performance of the Cambodian judiciary since the Consultative Group (CG) donor meeting of 2-3 March 2006. It seeks to point out patterns in injustice and impunity, highlight the Cambodian government’s ongoing lack of tangible action to promote rule of law, and to urge the international community to revise its strategies in assistance to legal and judicial reform.

Released in December 2007

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Report: CAMBOW: Violence Against Women, How Cambodian Laws Discriminate Against Women Report 2007

Discrimination in legislation can occur in a number of forms, such as through gender-specific legal terms which have a greater negative impact on women than men, or through onerous obligations on women or through omissions which make legal definitions and prosecutions difficult or which may result in the lack of protective measures.

This report was designed to analyze whether Cambodian laws related to violence against women contravene the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and, if so, to examine the affects that these contraventions have on women in Cambodia.

Released in November 2007

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Report: Women's Rights Pilot Project 2007

The LICADHO Women's Rights Office (based in Phnom Penh) developed and implemented the Pilot Project in eight villages in Ang Snoul District, Kandal Province from December 2005 - May 2007. The project was designed to promote ownership of women's rights by equipping women in these communities with the practical knowledge, strategies and resources for them to prevent and seek redress for domestic violence, rape and trafficking violations.

Released in September 2007

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Report: Illegal Forced Eviction of 105 Families in Sihanoukville Fact Sheet

On the morning of 20 April 2007, a mixed group of some 150 Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) personnel, military police, and civilian police armed with guns, electric batons, shields and tear gas forcibly evicted 105 families from Village 6 in Sihanoukville's Mittapheap District.

In the course of the raid, the security forces burned down 60 houses and completely demolished the remaining houses using heavy machinery. The evicted families were not permitted to remove possessions from their homes before they were destroyed and lost-inter alia- important documents which would have been essential in defending their case before the court. In the ensuing clashes between the authorities and the villagers two police officers and one military police officer, as well as a number of villagers, were injured. Thirteen villagers were arrested and later charged with "wrongful damage to property" (Article 52 UNTAC Law1)- charges which relate to the alleged destruction of police equipment used in the raid- and "battery with injury" (Article 41 UNTAC Law).

Released in July 2007

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Prison Population Watch
12,780 Occupancy Rate: ↘153%

Click here for the latest report on prison overcrowding
Monthly population figures as of February 27, 2014, from the 18 prisons monitored by LICADHO

The Great Cambodian Giveaway

Visualizing Land Concessions over Time